Teeth may be only a small portion of your overall anatomy, but your teeth are a vital part of your oral health. The unique anatomy of your teeth consist of many areas, all of which must work together to help you eat, drink, speak and chew while giving you a beautiful smile. Every tooth in your mouth plays a vital role in your oral health and ability to perform necessary tasks like chewing. With each part of your teeth working together, any flaw, defect, or damage will impact your teeth’s ability to function correctly. As your family dentist in Lincoln Park NJ, we’ve broken down the anatomy of your teeth to help you understand their function and role.
Different Types of Teeth
Your mouth consists of four different types of teeth: incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Each set performs different tasks and duties other than just giving you a complete smile. Your incisors are the front four teeth located on both the upper and lower jaw. These sharp teeth are used for biting into and cutting food.
The canines, also known as the cuspids, are the four teeth that have sharp points at the top. The canines help you tear and grasp food, making it easier to eat. The premolars are also known as the bicuspids, which are located next to the canines. The teeth feature two pointed cusps on the biting surface, which help you crush and tear food.
Finally, your molars are located in the back of your mouth. Each molar features several cusps on the biting surface. The cusps allow you to easily grind and chew food into smaller pieces.
Anatomy of a Tooth
Your teeth consist of 6 key areas, many of which aren’t visible to the naked eye. The most notable area of the tooth is known as the crown, which is the top part of the tooth. How your crown develops and the shape it holds will determine how well the tooth will function. The crown of the tooth is covered in the outermost layer of the tooth, known as the enamel. Enamel is the hardest tissue in the body, which also protects the inner tooth structures from damage.
Below your enamel is the dentin, which helps to protect the inner tissue of the tooth known as the pulp. The pulp is the soft tissue located in the center of each tooth, which contains the nerve tissue and blood vessels your teeth need as they develop.
Every tooth is connected to the gum line, which helps protect the tooth of the root and aids the support and health of your teeth. Below the gum line is the root of each tooth. The root of the tooth is embedded into your jawbone, which holds each tooth firmly in place.
Your Family Dentist in Lincoln Park NJ
For proper oral health and function, each area of the tooth must remain healthy and function correctly. As your family dentist in Lincoln Park NJ, we work to protect your smile by keeping your teeth healthy from the inside out. Call our office today at (973) 510-2740 to schedule an appointment.