Periodontal Therapy – Lincoln Park, NJ
Get Your Gums Back to Normal!
Periodontal therapy is treatment for hardened plaque (called calculus or tartar) and other etiologic agents that cause inflammation and disease in your soft tissue. If we determine you’re suffering from an infection, Dr. Samir Rana and the rest of our team at Comprehensive Dental provide focused, personalized care that always has your best interests in mind. Contact our Lincoln Park, NJ location today to schedule your first appointment. Patients from Little Falls, NJ and surrounding areas are always welcome!
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is categorized as a serious infection that damages the gums and has the potential to damage the bone and ligaments holding teeth in place. It’s actually one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and considered to be the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. For the most part, gum disease is largely preventable with regular at-home brushing and flossing. It’s also avoidable by visiting the dentist once every six months for routine checkups. However, sometimes plaque and calculus can hide in areas of the mouth where over-the-counter oral care tools cannot reach. As a result, our dentists will need to intervene to remove this tough and hard-to-reach plaque and bacteria in order to stop the infection from spreading.
Steps of Periodontal Therapy
The first step of periodontal therapy is diagnosis. Whether you know it or not, our dental hygienists actually perform a periodontal inspection during every routine visit. They use a periodontal probe to inspect how much space there is between your gum and tooth. A healthy gum should have three millimeters or less of space between the two. Additionally, gums should not bleed when probed. If they do, it is a sign that your gums are irritated by calculus that has built up above the gum line. If we determine that you’re affected in the diagnostic stage, your teeth will fall into one of three categories: gingivitis, periodontitis, or advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease, characterized by swollen or bleeding gums that have not yet receded from the teeth. Periodontitis is the second stage of periodontal disease, characterized by deep pockets between the gums and teeth that bleed and can oftentimes be filled with pus and bacteria; you may also show signs of bone loss in teeth. Advanced periodontitis is the most extreme stage of periodontal disease, characterized by extreme gum, bone, and ligament loss, which can lead to your teeth falling out if left untreated.
The next step of periodontal therapy is the treatment stage. Depending on the severity of your case, Dr. Rana or one of his fellow doctors recommend therapy to restore health. If you are still in the gingivitis stage, you will likely have a routine cleaning, and we’ll give you steps to use at home to reverse the disease’s effects and get your health back on track. In the more advanced stages, our team at Comprehensive Dental perform a deep cleaning that will remove calculus from your teeth and gums; this is meant to help the gum pockets heal to restore a healthy gum line. We may also prescribe special rinses and medications to help your mouth heal more quickly.
Diagnosing Gum Disease
As mentioned, gum disease has the potential to become incredibly serious, but that doesn’t mean that the early signs are so obvious. While measuring pocket depth is the most effective way to catch early signs of gum disease, there are other signs and symptoms all patients should know about. A few of these symptoms include:
- Red or purple, tender, swollen and puffy gums
- Bleeding gums while brushing, flossing or eating
- Pain while chewing or biting down
- A difference in the way dentures fit inside the mouth
- Teeth that appear longer than usual
- Chronic bad breath, even after brushing
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
If you notice any of the following symptoms, it is imperative that you come to our office for further treatment.
Is Gum Disease Treatable?
Gum disease is treatable, but treatment will likely require multiple visits if your condition is more severe. Here’s what you can expect from more substantial treatments for gum disease in more detail.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling is the process of removing calcified plaque from the area directly above and beneath the gum line. Keep in mind that only a dentist can remove calculus without damaging tooth enamel in the process. The second part of the deep cleaning process is root planing, which involves smoothing out the tooth roots. By doing this, we can promote reattachment of your gums to your teeth as well as reduce the risk of an infection later.
Antibiotic therapy utilizes prescription-strength medications to either control pain, promote healing or prevent future infections from developing. While you will need to make improvements to your oral care routine, antibiotic therapy helps kickstart your treatment and keeps you protected in between visits.
Are you suffering from gum disease? Don’t hesitate to contact our office and schedule an appointment for periodontal therapy in Lincoln Park!